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Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change (7th Edition) / Химия: молекулярная природа вещества и реакций (изд. 7-е
Год издания: 2015
Автор: Silberberg M.S. / Силберберг М.С.
Жанр или тематика: Справочник по химии
Издательство: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
ISBN: 978–0–07–351117–7
Язык: Английский
Формат: PDF
Качество: Отсканированные страницы + слой распознанного текста
Интерактивное оглавление: Нет
Количество страниц: 1099
Описание: Обширное справочное издание по всем разделам химии, включающее большое количество качественных иллюстраций.

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Оглавление

1. Keys to the Study of Chemistry 2
1.1 Some Fundamental Definitions 4
The States of Matter 4
The Properties of Matter and Its Changes 5
The Central Theme in Chemistry 8
The Importance of Energy in the Study of Matter 8
1.2 Chemical Arts and the Origins
of Modern Chemistry 10
Prechemical Traditions 10
The Phlogiston Fiasco and the Impact of Lavoisier 11
1.3 The Scientific Approach: Developing a Model 12
1.4 Measurement and Chemical Problem Solving 13
General Features of SI Units 13
Some Important SI Units in Chemistry 14
Units and Conversion Factors in Calculations 17
A Systematic Approach to Solving Chemistry Problems 19
Temperature Scales 24
Extensive and Intensive Properties 26
1.5 Uncertainty in Measurement:
Significant Figures 27
Determining Which Digits Are Significant 28
Significant Figures: Calculations and Rounding Off 29
Precision, Accuracy, and Instrument Calibration 31
CHAPTER REVIEW GUIDE 32
PROBLEMS 35
2. The Components of Matter 40
2.1 Elements, Compounds, and Mixtures: An Atomic Overview 42
2.2 The Observations That Led to an Atomic View of Matter 44
Mass Conservation 44
Definite Composition 45
Multiple Proportions 46
2.3 Dalton’s Atomic Theory 47
Postulates of the Atomic Theory 47
How the Theory Explains the Mass Laws 48
2.4 The Observations That Led to the
Nuclear Atom Model 49
Discovery of the Electron and Its Properties 49
Discovery of the Atomic Nucleus 51
2.5 The Atomic Theory Today 52
Structure of the Atom 53
Atomic Number, Mass Number, and Atomic Symbol 53
Isotopes 54
Atomic Masses of the Elements 55
TOOLS OF THE LABORATORY:
MASS SPECTROMETRY 57
2.6 Elements: A First Look at the Periodic Table 58
2.7 Compounds: Introduction to Bonding 61
The Formation of Ionic Compounds 61
The Formation of Covalent Substances 63
2.8 Compounds: Formulas, Names, and Masses 65
Binary Ionic Compounds 65
Compounds That Contain Polyatomic Ions 68
Acid Names from Anion Names 70
Binary Covalent Compounds 71
The Simplest Organic Compounds:
Straight-Chain Alkanes 72
Molecular Masses from Chemical Formulas 72
Representing Molecules with Formulas and Models 75
2.9 Mixtures: Classification
and Separation 77
An Overview of the Components of Matter 77
TOOLS OF THE LABORATORY:
BASIC SEPARATION TECHNIQUES 79
CHAPTER REVIEW GUIDE 80
PROBLEMS 82
3. Stoichiometry of Formulas and Equations 90
3.1 The Mole 91
Defining the Mole 92
Determining Molar Mass 92
Converting Between Amount, Mass, and Number of Chemical Entities 93
The Importance of Mass Percent 98
3.2 Determining the Formula of an Unknown Compound 100
Empirical Formulas 101
Molecular Formulas 102
Chemical Formulas and Molecular Structures; Isomers 105
3.3 Writing and Balancing Chemical Equations 107
3.4 Calculating Quantities of Reactant and Product 112
Stoichiometrically Equivalent Molar Ratios from the Balanced Equation 112
Reactions That Occur in a Sequence 116
Reactions That Involve a Limiting Reactant 117
Theoretical, Actual, and Percent Reaction Yields 123
CHAPTER REVIEW GUIDE 125
PROBLEMS 130
4. Three Major Classes of Chemical Reactions 138
4.1 Solution Concentration and the Role of Water as a Solvent 139
The Polar Nature of Water 140
Ionic Compounds in Water 140
Covalent Compounds in Water 143
Expressing Concentration in Terms of Molarity 144
Amount-Mass-Number Conversions Involving Solutions 144
Preparing and Diluting Molar Solutions 146
4.2 Writing Equations for Aqueous Ionic Reactions 149
4.3 Precipitation Reactions 151
The Key Event: Formation of a Solid from Dissolved Ions 151
Predicting Whether a Precipitate Will Form 151
Stoichiometry of Precipitation Reactions 155
4.4 Acid-Base Reactions 158
The Key Event: Formation of H2O from H+ and OH- 161
Proton Transfer in Acid-Base Reactions 162
Stoichiometry of Acid-Base Reactions:
Acid-Base Titrations 165
4.5 Oxidation-Reduction (Redox) Reactions 168
The Key Event: Movement of Electrons Between Reactants 168
Some Essential Redox Terminology 169
Using Oxidation Numbers to Monitor Electron Charge 170
Stoichiometry of Redox Reactions: Redox Titrations 172
4.6 Elements in Redox Reactions 174
Combination Redox Reactions 174
Decomposition Redox Reactions 176
Displacement Redox Reactions and Activity Series 177
Combustion Reactions 180
4.7 The Reversibility of Reactions
and the Equilibrium State 181
CHAPTER REVIEW GUIDE 184
PROBLEMS 189
5. Gases and the Kinetic-Molecular Theory 198
5.1 An Overview of the Physical States of Matter 199
5.2 Gas Pressure and Its Measurement 201
Measuring Gas Pressure: Barometers and Manometers 202
Units of Pressure 202
5.3 The Gas Laws and Their Experimental Foundations 204
The Relationship Between Volume and Pressure: Boyle’s Law 205
The Relationship Between Volume and Temperature: Charles’s Law 206
The Relationship Between Volume and Amount: Avogadro’s Law 208
Gas Behavior at Standard Conditions 209
The Ideal Gas Law 209
Solving Gas Law Problems 210
5.4 Rearrangements of the Ideal Gas Law 216
The Density of a Gas 216
The Molar Mass of a Gas 218
The Partial Pressure of Each Gas in a Mixture of Gases 219
The Ideal Gas Law and Reaction Stoichiometry 222
5.5 The Kinetic-Molecular Theory: A Model for Gas Behavior 224
How the Kinetic-Molecular Theory Explains the Gas Laws 224
Eff usion and Diff usion 229
The Chaotic World of Gases: Mean Free Path and Collision Frequency 232
CHEMICAL CONNECTIONS TO ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCE:
HOW THE GAS LAWS APPLY TO EARTH’S ATMOSPHERE 233
5.6 Real Gases: Deviations from Ideal Behavior 235
Eff ects of Extreme Conditions on Gas Behavior 235
The van der Waals Equation: Adjusting the Ideal Gas Law 237
CHAPTER REVIEW GUIDE 238
PROBLEMS 241
6. Thermochemistry: Energy Flow and Chemical Change 250
6.1 Forms of Energy and Their Interconversion 251
Defining the System and Its Surroundings 252
Energy Change (DE): Energy Transfer to or from a System 252
Heat and Work: Two Forms of Energy Transfer 252
The Law of Energy Conservation 255
Units of Energy 255
State Functions and the Path Independence of the Energy Change 256
6.2 Enthalpy: Changes at Constant Pressure 257
The Meaning of Enthalpy 258
Comparing DE and DH 259
Exothermic and Endothermic Processes 259
6.3 Calorimetry: Measuring the Heat of a Chemical or Physical Change 261
Specific Heat Capacity 261
The Two Major Types of Calorimetry 262
6.4 Stoichiometry of Thermochemical Equations 266
6.5 Hess’s Law: Finding (delta)H of Any Reaction 267
6.6 Standard Enthalpies of
Reaction ((delta)H*rxn) 270
Formation Equations and Their Standard Enthalpy Changes 270
Determining ((delta)H*rxn) from (delta)H*f Values for Reactants and Products 271
CHEMICAL CONNECTIONS TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE:
THE FUTURE OF ENERGY USE 273
CHAPTER REVIEW GUIDE 277
PROBLEMS 280
7. Quantum Theory and Atomic Structure 286
7.1 The Nature of Light 287
The Wave Nature of Light 288
The Particle Nature of Light 291
7.2 Atomic Spectra 294
Line Spectra and the Rydberg Equation 294
The Bohr Model of the Hydrogen Atom 295
The Energy Levels of the Hydrogen Atom 297
TOOLS OF THE LABORATORY:
SPECTROMETRY IN CHEMICAL ANALYSIS 300
7.3 The Wave-Particle Duality of Matter and Energy 302
The Wave Nature of Electrons and the Particle Nature of Photons 302
Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle 305
7.4 The Quantum-Mechanical Model of the Atom 306
The Atomic Orbital and the Probable Location of the Electron 306
Quantum Numbers of an Atomic Orbital 308
Quantum Numbers and Energy Levels 309
Shapes of Atomic Orbitals 311
The Special Case of Energy Levels in the Hydrogen Atom 313
CHAPTER REVIEW GUIDE 314
PROBLEMS 316
8. Electron Configuration and Chemical Periodicity 322
8.1 Characteristics of Many-Electron Atoms 324
The Electron-Spin Quantum Number 324
The Exclusion Principle 325
Electrostatic Eff ects and Energy-Level Splitting 325
8.2 The Quantum-Mechanical Model and the Periodic Table 327
Building Up Period 1 327
Building Up Period 2 328
Building Up Period 3 330
Similar Electron Con쥝 gurations Within Groups 331
Building Up Period 4: The First Transition Series 332
General Principles of Electron Configurations 333
Intervening Series: Transition and Inner Transition Elements 334
8.3 Trends in Three Atomic Properties 336
Trends in Atomic Size 336
Trends in Ionization Energy 339
Trends in Electron Affinity 343
8.4 Atomic Properties and Chemical Reactivity 344
Trends in Metallic Behavior 344
Properties of Monatomic Ions 346
CHAPTER REVIEW GUIDE 352
PROBLEMS 354
9. Models of Chemical Bonding 358
9.1 Atomic Properties and Chemical Bonds 359
The Three Ways Elements Combine 359
Lewis Symbols and the Octet Rule 361
9.2 The Ionic Bonding Model 362
Why Ionic Compounds Form:
The Importance of Lattice Energy 363
Periodic Trends in Lattice Energy 365
How the Model Explains the Properties of Ionic Compounds 367
9.3 The Covalent Bonding Model 369
The Formation of a Covalent Bond 369
Bonding Pairs and Lone Pairs 370
Properties of a Covalent Bond:
Order, Energy, and Length 370
How the Model Explains the Properties of Covalent Substances 373
TOOLS OF THE LABORATORY:
INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY 374
9.4 Bond Energy and Chemical Change 376
Changes in Bond Energy: Where Does ((delta)H*rxn) Come From? 376
Using Bond Energies to Calculate ((delta)H*rxn) 376
Bond Strengths and the Heat Released from Fuels and Foods 379
9.5 Between the Extremes:
Electronegativity and Bond Polarity 380
Electronegativity 380
Bond Polarity and Partial Ionic Character 382
The Gradation in Bonding Across a Period 384
9.6 An Introduction to Metallic Bonding 385
The Electron-Sea Model 385
How the Model Explains the Properties of Metals 386
CHAPTER REVIEW GUIDE 387
PROBLEMS 389
10. The Shapes of Molecules 394
10.1 Depicting Molecules and Ions with Lewis Structures 395
Applying the Octet Rule to Write Lewis Structures 395
Resonance: Delocalized Electron-Pair Bonding 399
Formal Charge: Selecting the More Important Resonance Structure 401
Lewis Structures for Exceptions to the Octet Rule 402
10.2 Valence-Shell Electron-Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) Theory 406
Electron-Group Arrangements and Molecular Shapes 407
The Molecular Shape with Two Electron Groups (Linear Arrangement) 407
Molecular Shapes with Three Electron Groups (Trigonal Planar Arrangement) 408
Molecular Shapes with Four Electron Groups (Tetrahedral Arrangement) 409
Molecular Shapes with Five Electron Groups (Trigonal Bipyramidal Arrangement) 410
Molecular Shapes with Six Electron Groups (Octahedral Arrangement) 411
Using VSEPR Theory to Determine Molecular Shape 412
Molecular Shapes with More Than One Central Atom 415
10.3 Molecular Shape and Molecular Polarity 416
Bond Polarity, Bond Angle, and Dipole Moment 417
The Eff ect of Molecular Polarity on Behavior 419
CHEMICAL CONNECTIONS TO SENSORY
PHYSIOLOGY: MOLECULAR SHAPE,
BIOLOGICAL RECEPTORS, AND THE SENSE
OF SMELL 420
CHAPTER REVIEW GUIDE 421
PROBLEMS 424
11. Theories of Covalent Bonding 428
11.1 Valence Bond (VB) Theory and Orbital Hybridization 429
The Central Themes of VB Theory 429
Types of Hybrid Orbitals 430
11.2 Modes of Orbital Overlap and the Types of Covalent Bonds 436
Orbital Overlap in Single and Multiple Bonds 436
Orbital Overlap and Rotation Within a Molecule 439
11.3 Molecular Orbital (MO) Theory and Electron Delocalization 440
The Central Themes of MO Theory 440
Homonuclear Diatomic Molecules of Period 2 Elements 442
Two Heteronuclear Diatomic Molecules: HF and NO 446
Two Polyatomic Molecules: Benzene and Ozone 447
CHAPTER REVIEW GUIDE 448
PROBLEMS 450
12. Intermolecular Forces: Liquids, Solids, and Phase Changes 454
12.1 An Overview of Physical States and Phase Changes 455
12.2 Quantitative Aspects of Phase Changes 458
Heat Involved in Phase Changes 459
The Equilibrium Nature of Phase Changes 462
Phase Diagrams: Eff ect of Pressure and Temperature on Physical State 466
12.3 Types of Intermolecular Forces 468
How Close Can Molecules Approach Each Other? 468
Ion-Dipole Forces 469
Dipole-Dipole Forces 469
The Hydrogen Bond 470
Polarizability and Induced Dipole Forces 471
Dispersion (London) Forces 472
12.4 Properties of the Liquid State 474
Surface Tension 475
Capillarity 475
Viscosity 476
12.5 The Uniqueness of Water 477
Solvent Properties of Water 477
Thermal Properties of Water 477
Surface Properties of Water 478
The Unusual Density of Solid Water 478
12.6 The Solid State: Structure, Properties, and Bonding 479
Structural Features of Solids 479
TOOLS OF THE LABORATORY: X-RAY DIFFRACTION ANALYSIS AND SCANNING TUNNELING MICROSCOPY 486
Types and Properties of Crystalline Solids 487
Amorphous Solids 490
Bonding in Solids: Molecular Orbital Band Theory 490
12.7 Advanced Materials 493
Electronic Materials 493
Liquid Crystals 495
Ceramic Materials 498
Polymeric Materials 500
Nanotechnology: Designing Materials Atom by Atom 505
CHAPTER REVIEW GUIDE 507
PROBLEMS 509
13. The Properties of Mixtures: Solutions and Colloids 516
13.1 Types of Solutions: Intermolecular Forces and Solubility 518
Intermolecular Forces in Solution 518
Liquid Solutions and the Role of Molecular Polarity 519
Gas Solutions and Solid Solutions 521
13.2 Intermolecular Forces and Biological Macromolecules 523
The Structures of Proteins 523
Dual Polarity in Soaps, Membranes, and Antibiotics 525
The Structure of DNA 527
13.3 Why Substances Dissolve: Breaking Down the Solution Process 528
The Heat of Solution and Its Components 528
The Heat of Hydration: Dissolving Ionic Solids in Water 529
The Solution Process and the Change in Entropy 531
13.4 Solubility as an Equilibrium Process 533
Eff ect of Temperature on Solubility 534
Eff ect of Pressure on Solubility 535
13.5 Concentration Terms 536
Molarity and Molality 537
Parts of Solute by Parts of Solution 538
Interconverting Concentration Terms 540
13.6 Colligative Properties of Solutions 541
Nonvolatile Nonelectrolyte Solutions 542
Using Colligative Properties to Find Solute Molar Mass 547
Volatile Nonelectrolyte Solutions 548
Strong Electrolyte Solutions 548
Applications of Colligative Properties 550
13.7 The Structure and Properties of Colloids 552
CHEMICAL CONNECTIONS TO ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING:
SOLUTIONS AND COLLOIDS IN WATER PURIFICATION 554
CHAPTER REVIEW GUIDE 556
PROBLEMS 559
14. Periodic Patterns in the Main-Group Elements 568
14.1 Hydrogen, the Simplest Atom 569
Where Hydrogen Fits in the Periodic Table 569
Highlights of Hydrogen Chemistry 570
14.2 Trends Across the Periodic Table:
The Period 2 Elements 571
14.3 Group 1A(1): The Alkali Metals 574
Why the Alkali Metals Are Unusual Physically 574
Why the Alkali Metals Are So Reactive 576
14.4 Group 2A(2): The Alkaline Earth Metals 576
How the Alkaline Earth and Alkali Metals Compare Physically 577
How the Alkaline Earth and Alkali Metals Compare Chemically 577
Diagonal Relationships: Lithium and Magnesium 577
14.5 Group 3A(13): The Boron Family 579
How the Transition Elements Inƕ uence This Group’s Properties 579
Features That First Appear in This Group’s Chemical Properties 579
Highlights of Boron Chemistry 581
Diagonal Relationships: Beryllium and Aluminum 582
14.6 Group 4A(14): The Carbon Family 582
How Type of Bonding Aff ects Physical Properties 582
How Bonding Changes in This Group’s Compounds 585
Highlights of Carbon Chemistry 585
Highlights of Silicon Chemistry 587
Diagonal Relationships: Boron and Silicon 588
14.7 Group 5A(15): The Nitrogen Family 588
The Wide Range of Physical Behavior 590
Patterns in Chemical Behavior 590
Highlights of Nitrogen Chemistry 591
Highlights of Phosphorus Chemistry 594
14.8 Group 6A(16): The Oxygen Family 596
How the Oxygen and Nitrogen Families Compare Physically 596
How the Oxygen and Nitrogen Families Compare Chemically 598
Highlights of Oxygen Chemistry:
Range of Oxide Properties 599
Highlights of Sulfur Chemistry 599
14.9 Group 7A(17): The Halogens 601
Physical Behavior of the Halogens 601
Why the Halogens Are So Reactive 601
Highlights of Halogen Chemistry 603
14.10 Group 8A(18): The Noble Gases 606
How the Noble Gases and Alkali Metals Contrast Physically 608
How Noble Gases Can Form Compounds 608
CHAPTER REVIEW GUIDE 608
PROBLEMS 609
15. Organic Compounds and the Atomic Properties of Carbon 616
15.1 The Special Nature of Carbon and the Characteristics of Organic Molecules 617
The Structural Complexity of Organic Molecules 618
The Chemical Diversity of Organic Molecules 618
15.2 The Structures and Classes of Hydrocarbons 620
Carbon Skeletons and Hydrogen Skins 620
Alkanes: Hydrocarbons with Only Single Bonds 622
Dispersion Forces and the Physical Properties of Alkanes 625
Constitutional Isomerism 625
Chiral Molecules and Optical Isomerism 626
Alkenes: Hydrocarbons with Double Bonds 628
Restricted Rotation and Geometric (Cis-Trans) Isomerism 628
Alkynes: Hydrocarbons with Triple Bonds 630
Aromatic Hydrocarbons: Cyclic Molecules with Delocalized  Electrons 631
Variations on a Theme: Catenated Inorganic Hydrides 632
TOOLS OF THE LABORATORY: NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE (NMR) SPECTROSCOPY 633
15.3 Some Important Classes of Organic Reactions 635
Types of Organic Reactions 635
The Redox Process in Organic Reactions 637
15.4 Properties and Reactivities of Common Functional Groups 638
Functional Groups with Only Single Bonds 638
Functional Groups with Double Bonds 643
Functional Groups with Both Single and Double Bonds 646
Functional Groups with Triple Bonds 650
15.5 The Monomer-Polymer Theme I:
Synthetic Macromolecules 652
Addition Polymers 652
Condensation Polymers 653
15.6 The Monomer-Polymer Theme II:
Biological Macromolecules 654
Sugars and Polysaccharides 654
Amino Acids and Proteins 656
Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids 658
CHEMICAL CONNECTIONS TO GENETICS AND FORENSICS: DNA SEQUENCING AND FINGERPRINTING 663
CHAPTER REVIEW GUIDE 665
PROBLEMS 667
16. Kinetics: Rates and Mechanisms of Chemical Reactions 674
16.1 Focusing on Reaction Rate 675
16.2 Expressing the Reaction Rate 678
Average, Instantaneous, and Initial Reaction Rates 678
Expressing Rate in Terms of Reactant and Product Concentrations 680
16.3 The Rate Law and Its Components 682
Some Laboratory Methods for Determining the Initial Rate 683
Determining Reaction Orders 683
Determining the Rate Constant 688
16.4 Integrated Rate Laws: Concentration Changes over Time 691
Integrated Rate Laws for First-, Second-, and Zero-Order Reactions 692
Determining Reaction Orders from an Integrated Rate Law 693
Reaction Half-Life 695
16.5 Theories of Chemical Kinetics 699
Collision Theory: Basis of the Rate Law 699
Transition State Theory: What the Activation Energy Is Used For 703
16.6 Reaction Mechanisms: The Steps from Reactant to Product 706
Elementary Reactions and Molecularity 706
The Rate-Determining Step of a Reaction Mechanism 708
Correlating the Mechanism with the Rate Law 708
16.7 Catalysis: Speeding Up a Reaction 712
The Basis of Catalytic Action 712
Homogeneous Catalysis 713
Heterogeneous Catalysis 714
Kinetics and Function of Biological Catalysts 714
CHEMICAL CONNECTIONS TO ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCE: DEPLETION OF EARTH’S OZONE LAYER 716
CHAPTER REVIEW GUIDE 718
PROBLEMS 721
17. Equilibrium: The Extent of Chemical Reactions 730
17.1 The Equilibrium State and the Equilibrium Constant 731
17.2 The Reaction Quotient and the Equilibrium Constant 734
The Changing Value of the Reaction Quotient 734
Writing the Reaction Quotient in Its Various Forms 735
17.3 Expressing Equilibria with Pressure Terms: Relation Between Kc and Kp 740
17.4 Comparing Q and K to Determine Reaction Direction 742
17.5 How to Solve Equilibrium Problems 744
Using Quantities to Find the Equilibrium Constant 745
Using the Equilibrium Constant to Find Quantities 747
Problems Involving Mixtures of Reactants and Products 752
17.6 Reaction Conditions and Equilibrium:
Le Chвtelier’s Principle 754
The Eff ect of a Change in Concentration 754
The Eff ect of a Change in Pressure (Volume) 757
The Eff ect of a Change in Temperature 759
The Lack of Eff ect of a Catalyst 761
Applying Le Chвtelier’s Principle to the Synthesis of Ammonia 763
CHEMICAL CONNECTIONS TO
CELLULAR METABOLISM: DESIGN AND
CONTROL OF A METABOLIC PATHWAY 765
CHAPTER REVIEW GUIDE 766
PROBLEMS 768
18. Acid-Base Equilibria 776
18.1 Acids and Bases in Water 778
Release of H1 or OH2 and the Arrhenius Acid-Base DeЖ nition 778
Variation in Acid Strength: The Acid-Dissociation Constant (Ka) 779
Classifying the Relative Strengths of Acids and Bases 781
18.2 Autoionization of Water and the pH Scale 782
The Equilibrium Nature of Autoionization:
The Ion-Product Constant for Water (Kw) 783
Expressing the Hydronium Ion Concentration: The pH Scale 784
18.3 Proton Transfer and the Brшnsted-Lowry Acid-Base Definition 787
Conjugate Acid-Base Pairs 788
Relative Acid-Base Strength and the Net Direction of Reaction 789
18.4 Solving Problems Involving Weak-Acid Equilibria 792
Finding Ka Given Concentrations 793
Finding Concentrations Given Ka 794
The Eff ect of Concentration on the Extent of Acid Dissociation 795
The Behavior of Polyprotic Acids 797
18.5 Molecular Properties and Acid Strength 799
Acid Strength of Nonmetal Hydrides 799
Acid Strength of Oxoacids 800
Acidity of Hydrated Metal Ions 801
18.6 Weak Bases and Their Relation to Weak Acids 802
Molecules as Weak Bases: Ammonia and the Amines 802
Anions of Weak Acids as Weak Bases 804
The Relation Between Ka and Kb of a Conjugate Acid-Base Pair 805
18.7 Acid-Base Properties of Salt Solutions 807
Salts That Yield Neutral Solutions 807
Salts That Yield Acidic Solutions 807
Salts That Yield Basic Solutions 807
Salts of Weakly Acidic Cations and Weakly Basic Anions 808
Salts of Amphiprotic Anions 809
18.8 Generalizing the Brшnsted-Lowry Concept: The Leveling Effect 810
18.9 Electron-Pair Donation and the Lewis Acid-Base Definition 811
Molecules as Lewis Acids 812
Metal Cations as Lewis Acids 813
An Overview of Acid-Base DeЖ nitions 814
CHAPTER REVIEW GUIDE 814
PROBLEMS 817
19. Ionic Equilibria in Aqueous Systems 826
19.1 Equilibria of Acid-Base Buffers 827
What a Buff er Is and How It Works: The Common-Ion Eff ect 827
The Henderson-Hasselbalch Equation 832
Buffer Capacity and Buffer Range 833
Preparing a Buffer 835
19.2 Acid-Base Titration Curves 837
Monitoring pH with Acid-Base Indicators 837
Strong Acid–Strong Base Titration Curves 838
Weak Acid–Strong Base Titration Curves 840
Weak Base–Strong Acid Titration Curves 843
Titration Curves for Polyprotic Acids 844
Amino Acids as Biological Polyprotic Acids 845
19.3 Equilibria of Slightly Soluble Ionic Compounds 846
The Ion-Product Expression (Qsp) and the Solubility-Product Constant (Ksp) 846
Calculations Involving the Solubility-Product Constant 848
Effect of a Common Ion on Solubility 850
Effect of pH on Solubility 852
Applying Ionic Equilibria to the Formation of a Limestone Cave 853
Predicting the Formation of a Precipitate:
Qsp vs. Ksp 853
Separating Ions by Selective Precipitation and Simultaneous Equilibria 856
CHEMICAL CONNECTIONS TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE: THE ACID-RAIN PROBLEM 857
19.4 Equilibria Involving Complex Ions 859
Formation of Complex Ions 859
Complex Ions and the Solubility of Precipitates 861
Complex Ions of Amphoteric Hydroxides 863
CHAPTER REVIEW GUIDE 865
PROBLEMS 868
20. Thermodynamics: Entropy, Free Energy, and the Direction of Chemical Reactions 876
20.1 The Second Law of Thermodynamics:
Predicting Spontaneous Change 877
The First Law of Thermodynamics Does Not Predict Spontaneous Change 878
The Sign of DH Does Not Predict Spontaneous Change 878
Freedom of Particle Motion and Dispersal of Kinetic Energy 879
Entropy and the Number of Microstates 880
Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics 883
Standard Molar Entropies and the Third Law 883
Predicting Relative S  of a System 883
20.2 Calculating the Change in Entropy of a Reaction 888
Entropy Changes in the System: Standard Entropy of Reaction (DSrxn) 888
Entropy Changes in the Surroundings:
The Other Part of the Total 889
The Entropy Change and the Equilibrium State 891
Spontaneous Exothermic and Endothermic Changes 892
20.3 Entropy, Free Energy, and Work 893
Free Energy Change and Reaction Spontaneity 893
Calculating Standard Free Energy Changes 894
The Free Energy Change and the Work a System Can Do 896
The Eff ect of Temperature on Reaction Spontaneity 897
Coupling of Reactions to Drive a Nonspontaneous Change 901
CHEMICAL CONNECTIONS TO
BIOLOGICAL ENERGETICS:
THE UNIVERSAL ROLE OF ATP 902
20.4 Free Energy, Equilibrium, and Reaction Direction 903
CHAPTER REVIEW GUIDE 909
PROBLEMS 912
21. Electrochemistry: Chemical Change and Electrical Work 918
21.1 Redox Reactions and Electrochemical Cells 919
A Quick Review of Oxidation-Reduction Concepts 919
Half-Reaction Method for Balancing Redox Reactions 920
An Overview of Electrochemical Cells 924
21.2 Voltaic Cells: Using Spontaneous Reactions to Generate Electrical Energy 925
Construction and Operation of a Voltaic Cell 926
Notation for a Voltaic Cell 928
Why Does a Voltaic Cell Work? 929
21.3 Cell Potential: Output of a Voltaic Cell 930
Standard Cell Potential (Ecell) 930
Relative Strengths of Oxidizing and Reducing Agents 933
Using Ehalf-cell Values to Write Spontaneous Redox Reactions 934
Explaining the Activity Series of the Metals 937
21.4 Free Energy and Electrical Work 939
Standard Cell Potential and the Equilibrium Constant 939
The Eff ect of Concentration on Cell Potential 941
Following Changes in Potential During Cell Operation 943
Concentration Cells 944
21.5 Electrochemical Processes in Batteries 947
Primary (Nonrechargeable) Batteries 947
Secondary (Rechargeable) Batteries 949
Fuel Cells 950
21.6 Corrosion: An Environmental Voltaic Cell 951
The Corrosion of Iron 951
Protecting Against the Corrosion of Iron 953
21.7 Electrolytic Cells: Using Electrical Energy to Drive Nonspontaneous Reactions 954
Construction and Operation of an Electrolytic Cell 954
Predicting the Products of Electrolysis 955
Stoichiometry of Electrolysis: The Relation Between Amounts of Charge and Products 959
CHEMICAL CONNECTIONS TO
BIOLOGICAL ENERGETICS: CELLULAR
ELECTROCHEMISTRY AND THE
PRODUCTION OF ATP 962
CHAPTER REVIEW GUIDE 964
PROBLEMS 967
22. The Elements in Nature and Industry 976
22.1 How the Elements Occur in Nature 977
Earth’s Structure and the Abundance of the Elements 977
Sources of the Elements 981
22.2 The Cycling of Elements Through the Environment 982
The Carbon Cycle 982
The Nitrogen Cycle 984
The Phosphorus Cycle 986
22.3 Metallurgy: Extracting a Metal from Its Ore 988
Pretreating the Ore 989
Converting Mineral to Element 990
Re쥝 ning and Alloying the Element 992
22.4 Tapping the Crust: Isolation and Uses of Selected Elements 994
Producing the Alkali Metals: Sodium and Potassium 994
The Indispensable Three: Iron, Copper, and Aluminum 996
Mining the Sea for Magnesium 1002
The Sources and Uses of Hydrogen 1003
22.5 Chemical Manufacturing: Two Case Studies 1006
Sulfuric Acid, the Most Important Chemical 1006
The Chlor-Alkali Process 1008
CHAPTER REVIEW GUIDE 1009
PROBLEMS 1010
23. Transition Elements and Their Coordination Compounds 1016
23.1 Properties of the Transition Elements 1017
Electron Con쥝 gurations of the Transition Metals and Their Ions 1018
Atomic and Physical Properties of the Transition Elements 1020
Chemical Properties of the Transition Elements 1022
23.2 The Inner Transition Elements 1024
The Lanthanides 1024
The Actinides 1025
23.3 Coordination Compounds 1026
Complex Ions: Coordination Numbers, Geometries, and Ligands 1026
Formulas and Names of Coordination Compounds 1028
Isomerism in Coordination Compounds 1031
23.4 Theoretical Basis for the Bonding and Properties of Complexes 1034
Applying Valence Bond Theory to Complex Ions 1034
Crystal Field Theory 1036
CHEMICAL CONNECTIONS TO NUTRITIONAL SCIENCE: TRANSITION METALS AS ESSENTIAL DIETARY TRACE ELEMENTS 1043
CHAPTER REVIEW GUIDE 1045
PROBLEMS 1046
Nuclear Reactions and Their Applications 1052
24. Nuclear Reactions and Their Applications 1052
24.1 Radioactive Decay and Nuclear Stability 1053
Comparing Chemical and Nuclear Change 1054
The Components of the Nucleus:
Terms and Notation 1054
The Discovery of Radioactivity and the Types of Emissions 1055
Modes of Radioactive Decay; Balancing
Nuclear Equations 1055
Nuclear Stability and the Mode
of Decay 1058
24.2 The Kinetics of Radioactive Decay 1062
Detection and Measurement of
Radioactivity 1063
The Rate of Radioactive Decay 1064
Radioisotopic Dating 1067
24.3 Nuclear Transmutation: Induced Changes in Nuclei 1069
Early Transmutation Experiments; Nuclear Shorthand Notation 1070
Particle Accelerators and the Transuranium Elements 1070
24.4 Effects of Nuclear Radiation on Matter 1072
Eff ects of Ionizing Radiation on Living Tissue 1073
Background Sources of Ionizing Radiation 1075
Assessing the Risk from Ionizing Radiation 1076
24.5 Applications of Radioisotopes 1077
Radioactive Tracers 1077
Additional Applications of Ionizing Radiation 1080
24.6 The Interconversion of Mass and Energy 1081
The Mass Diff erence Between a Nucleus and Its Nucleons 1081
Nuclear Binding Energy and Binding Energy per Nucleon 1082
24.7 Applications of Fission and Fusion 1084
The Process of Nuclear Fission 1084
The Promise of Nuclear Fusion 1088
CHEMICAL CONNECTIONS TO
COSMOLOGY: ORIGIN OF THE ELEMENTS
IN THE STARS 1090
CHAPTER REVIEW GUIDE 1092
PROBLEMS 1094

Vi$itReal

Post Yesterday 14:55

[Quote]

Bioconjugate Chemistry
Год издания: 1990-2020
Автор: Vincent M. Rotello (Editor-In-Chief)
Жанр или тематика: Биохимия/Фармакология
Издательство: ACS Publications, https://pubs.acs.org/journal/bcches
ISSN: 1043-1802 (Print Edition), 1520-4812 (Web Edition)
Язык: Английский
Формат: PDF
Качество: Издательский макет или текст (eBook)
Интерактивное оглавление: Нет
Описание: Журнал публикующий оригинальные статьи по исследованиям в области химии конъюгации и биохимии. Включают получение и описание химических и биологических свойств молекулярных конъюгатов. Тематика журнала охватывает различные аспекты конъюгации антител, нуклеиновых кислот, липидов, углеводов или других биологически активных молекул и их аналогов с любой другой молекулярной группой, которая может добавить полезные фармакологические свойства. Представляет интерес для фармакологов, биохимиков и синтетиков.-Bioconjugate Chemistry invites original contributions on all research at the interface between man-made and biological materials. The mission of the journal is to communicate to advances in fields including therapeutic delivery, imaging, bionanotechnology, and synthetic biology. Bioconjugate Chemistry is intended to provide a forum for presentation of research relevant to all aspects of bioconjugates, including the preparation, properties and applications of biomolecular conjugates. Impact Factor: 4.349

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1990 г.:

2020 г.:

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Vol. 1-31
За журнал спасибо uytx, гаер* с Chemport.ru

Vi$itReal

Post 30-Mar-2020 01:40

[Quote]

Nature Reviews Chemistry
Год издания: 2019-2020
Автор: Stephen Davey (Chief Editor)
Жанр или тематика: Химия
Издательство: Nature Publishing Group, https://www.nature.com/natrevchem/
ISSN: 2397-3358
Язык: Английский
Формат: PDF
Качество: Издательский макет или текст (eBook)
Интерактивное оглавление: Нет
Описание: Nature Reviews Chemistry aims to cover both the traditional core subjects of the field — organic, inorganic, physical and analytical chemistry — while also providing insight to non-specialists where chemistry is a significant component of interdisciplinary research. These topics may include but are not limited to: chemical biology, chemical physics, materials science and nanotechnology. The journal also aims to bring to the attention of its readers topics beyond academic research with particular focus on chemistry education and research outside the academic environment. Reviews and Perspectives are commissioned by the editorial team. Research areas covered in the journal include (but are not necessarily limited to):
* Analytical chemistry
* Biochemistry
* Catalysis
* Chemical biology
* Chemistry education
* Electrochemistry
* Environmental chemistry
* Green chemistry
* Industrial chemistry
* Inorganic chemistry
* Laboratory safety
* Materials chemistry
* Medicinal chemistry
* Nanotechnology
* Organic chemistry
* Organometallic chemistry
* Physical chemistry
* Polymer chemistry
* Photochemistry
* Supramolecular chemistry
* Surface chemistry
* Theoretical chemistry
Impact Factor: 30.628

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2019 г.:

2020 г.:

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Vol. 3/4 (No01-03)

Vi$itReal

Post 29-Mar-2020 11:35

[Quote]

Nature Biotechnology
Год издания: 2009-2010/2019
Автор: Andrew Marshall (Chief Editor)
Жанр или тематика: Биотехнологии
Издательство: Nature Publishing Group, https://www.nature.com/nbt/
ISSN: 1087-0156
Язык: Английский
Формат: PDF
Качество: Издательский макет или текст (eBook)
Интерактивное оглавление: Нет
Описание: Nature Biotechnology — научный журнал, издаваемый Nature Publishing Group с 1983 года, посвященный научным и прикладным исследованиям в области биотехнологии. До 1996 года носил название Nature Bio/technology.
Журнал публикует статьи, посвящённые последним достижениям в области биотехнологий. Основные направления исследований, представленные в журнале, включают в себя:
* Молекулярная инженерия нуклеиновых кислот и белков
* Молекулярная терапия
* Крупномасштабная биология (геномика, протеомика, метаболомика и т. д.)
* Компьютерная биология (алгоритмы и моделирование)
* Регенеративная медицина (стволовые клетки, инженерия тканей, биоматериалы)
* Технологии получения изображений живых объектов
* Аналитические биотехнологии (сенсоры и детекторы для макромолекул)
* Прикладная иммунология (инженерия антител, ксенотрансплантация, T-клеточная терапия)
* Пищевые и сельскохозяйственные биотехнологии
* Биотехнологии окружающей среды-Nature Biotechnology is a monthly journal covering the science and business of biotechnology. It publishes new concepts in technology/methodology of relevance to the biological, biomedical, agricultural and environmental sciences as well as covers the commercial, political, ethical, legal, and societal aspects of this research. The first function is fulfilled by the peer-reviewed research section, the second by the expository efforts in the front of the journal. We provide researchers with news about business; we provide the business community with news about research developments.
The core areas in which we are actively seeking research papers include: molecular engineering of nucleic acids and proteins; molecular therapy (therapeutics genes, antisense, siRNAs, aptamers, DNAzymes, ribozymes, peptides, proteins); large-scale biology (genomics, functional genomics, proteomics, structural genomics, metabolomics, etc.); computational biology (algorithms and modeling), regenerative medicine (stem cells, tissue engineering, biomaterials); imaging technology; analytical biotechnology (sensors/detectors for analytes/macromolecules), applied immunology (antibody engineering, xenotransplantation, T-cell therapies); food and agricultural biotechnology; and environmental biotechnology. A comprehensive list of areas of interest is shown below. Impact Factor: 45.117

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2009 г.:

2019 г.:

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Vol. 27-28/37 (No04-12)
Доп. информация: отсутствует 2019 (Volume 37), No01-03
За журнал спасибо гаер* с Chemport.ru

Vi$itReal

Post 29-Mar-2020 07:15

[Quote]

Nature Chemistry
Год издания: 2009-2010/2019
Автор: Stuart Cantrill (Chief Editor)
Жанр или тематика: Химия
Издательство: Nature Publishing Group, https://www.nature.com/nchem/
ISSN: 1755-4330
Язык: Английский
Формат: PDF
Качество: Издательский макет или текст (eBook)
Интерактивное оглавление: Нет
Описание: Nature Chemistry - ежемесячный журнал, посвящённый публикованию высококачественных статей, которые объясняют самые важные и передовые открытия во всех областях химии. Кроме отражения традиционных центральных предеметов аналитической, неорганической, орагнической и физической химии, журнал также представляет широкий круг химических исследований, включая, но не ограничиваясь ими, катализ, компьютерную и теоретическую химию, химию окружающей среды, зелёную химию, медицинскую химию, ядерную химию, химию полимеров, супрамолекулярную химию и химию поверхностей. Также будут представлены другие междисциплинарные топики, такие, как бионеорганическая, биоорганическая, металлоорганическая и физическая органическая химия. Подача статей, посвященных междисциплинарным исследованиям, проведённым на границе химии и других научных областей, таких, как биология, наука о материалах, нанотехнология и физика, также поддерживается, где центральная тема работы - и главные достижения, о которых сообщают - подаются в пределах химии.
В добавок к основному исследованию, Nature Chemistry также публикует обзорные статьи, новости и мнения, наиболее яркие работы, опубликованные в других журналах, комментарии, обзоры книг, последние известия и анализ более широкой химической картины вне лаборатории, включая такие проблемы, как обучение, финансирование, политика, интеллектуальная собственность и влияние химии на общество. Таким образом, журнал стремится быть голосом мирового химического общества.
Nature Chemistry предан публикации высокоуровневым оригинальным исследования во всех областях химии с помощью ясного и досконального процесса обозрения. Это предоставляет авторам хрошую видимость их статей, доступ к широкому кругу читателей, высокие стандарты редактирования и печати статей, быструю публикацию и независимость от академических обществ и других с укоренившимися интересами.-Nature Chemistry is a monthly journal dedicated to publishing high-quality papers that describe the most significant and cutting-edge research in all areas of chemistry. As well as reflecting the traditional core subjects of analytical, inorganic, organic and physical chemistry, the journal also features a broad range of chemical research including, but not limited to, catalysis, computational and theoretical chemistry, environmental chemistry, green chemistry, medicinal chemistry, nuclear chemistry, polymer chemistry, supramolecular chemistry and surface chemistry. Other cross-disciplinary topics such as bioinorganic, bioorganic, organometallic and physical–organic chemistry will also be featured. The submission of manuscripts detailing multidisciplinary research performed at the interface of chemistry and other scientific fields of inquiry such as biology, materials science, nanotechnology and physics is also encouraged, where the central theme of the work — and the major advances that are reported — fall within the bounds of chemistry.
In addition to primary research, Nature Chemistry also publishes review articles, news and views, research highlights about important work reported in other journals, commentaries, book reviews, correspondence, and analysis of the broader chemical picture beyond the laboratory — including issues such as education, funding, policy, intellectual property, and the impact chemistry has on society. In this way, the journal aims to be the voice of the worldwide chemical community.
Nature Chemistry is committed to publishing top-tier original research in all areas of chemistry through a fair and rigorous review process. It offers authors high visibility for their papers, access to a broad readership, high standards of copy editing and production, rapid publication and independence from academic societies and others with vested interests. Impact Factor: 27.347

Примеры страниц

2009 г.:

2019 г.:

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Vol. 1-2/11 (No04-12)
Доп. информация: отсутствует 2019 (Volume 11), No01-03
За журнал спасибо гаер* с Chemport.ru

Vi$itReal

Post 29-Mar-2020 02:35

[Quote]

Current Opinion in Chemical Biology
Год издания: 1997-2014
Автор: Dan Yang (Editor-In-Chief)
Издательство: Elsevier, https://www.journals.elsevier.com/current-opinion-in-chemical-biology/special-issues
ISSN: 1367-5931
Язык: Английский
Формат: PDF
Качество: Издательский макет или текст (eBook)
Интерактивное оглавление: Нет
Описание: Current Opinion in Chemical Biology - это систематизированный обзорный журнал, цель которого-предоставить специалистам уникальную образовательную платформу, позволяющую идти в ногу с растущим объемом информации, публикуемой в области химической биологии...-Current Opinion in Chemical Biology is a systematic review journal that aims to provide specialists with a unique and educational platform to keep up to date with the expanding volume of information published in the field of Chemical Biology... Impact Factor: 7.886

Примеры страниц

1997 г.:

2014 г.:

Список номеров

Vol. 1-20
За журнал спасибо Выбегалло с Chemport.ru

Vi$itReal

Post 28-Mar-2020 12:30

[Quote]

Определения, понятия, термины в химии
Год издания: 1981
Автор: Бусев Алексей Иванович, Ефимов Игорь Петрович
Издательство: М: Просвещение
Язык: Русский
Формат: PDF
Качество: Отсканированные страницы + слой распознанного текста
Интерактивное оглавление: Да
Количество страниц: 192
Описание: Книга написана для учащихся средней школы. Материал пособия приведен в соответствие с изменениями в программе по школьному курсу химии. Она содержит важнейшие понятия, определения, термины по неорганической, органической, аналитической химии и химических производств. Отражая современный научный уровень, в пособие включены термины, относящиеся к радиохимии, полимерам, химии редких металлов, а также биохимии и геохимии. Эта книга дополняет учебник и тем самым расширяет знания учащихся по всем разделам химии и химической технологии. Она поможет учащимся в самостоятельной работе с учебной и научно-популярной литературой.

Примеры страниц

Доп. информация: Сканирование: till-till Обработка: rioter11
Бусев А.И. - Синтез новых органических реагентов для неорганического анализа [1972, DjVu, RUS]
Бусев А.И., Типцова В.Г., Иванов В.М. - Руководство по аналитической химии редких элементов. Изд.2-е, перераб. и доп. [1978, PDF/DjVu, RUS]

Vi$itReal

Post 26-Mar-2020 22:35

[Quote]

Bulletin de la Société Chimique de France
Год издания: 1909-1945
Жанр или тематика: Химия
Издательство: Société chimique de France
ISSN: 0037-8968
Язык: Французский
Формат: PDF
Качество: Издательский макет или текст (eBook)
Интерактивное оглавление: Нет
Описание: Бюллетень химического общества Франции был французским рецензируемым научным журналом по химии, изданным химическим обществом Франции.-The Bulletin de la Société Chimique de France was a French peer-reviewed scientific journal on chemistry published by the Société Chimique de France.

Примеры страниц

1909 г.:

1945 г.:

Список номеров

Series 4: Vol. 7-21/23/25/27/29/31/33/45/47/49/51/53
Series 5: Vol. 6-12
За журнал спасибо Выбегалло с Chemport.ru

Vi$itReal

Post 26-Mar-2020 13:55

[Quote]

Journal of Molecular Structure
Год издания: 1967-2014
Автор: Rui Fausto (Editor-In-Chief)
Жанр или тематика: Химия
Издательство: Elsevier, https://www.journals.elsevier.com/journal-of-molecular-structure
ISSN: 0022-2860
Язык: Английский
Формат: PDF
Качество: Издательский макет или текст (eBook)
Интерактивное оглавление: Нет
Описание: Журнал молекулярной структуры посвящен публикации полнометражных статей и обзорных статей, содержащих важную новую структурную информацию по всем типам химических видов, включая:
• Стабильные и нестабильные молекулы во всех типах сред (пар, молекулярный пучок, жидкость, раствор, жидкий кристалл, твердое состояние, матричная изоляция, поверхностное поглощение и т. д.).)
• Химические промежуточные продукты
• Молекулы в возбужденных состояниях
• Биологические молекулы
• Производство полимеров.-The Journal of Molecular Structure is dedicated to the publication of full-length articles and review papers, providing important new structural information on all types of chemical species including:
• Stable and unstable molecules in all types of environments (vapour, molecular beam, liquid, solution, liquid crystal, solid state, matrix-isolated, surface-absorbed etc.)
• Chemical intermediates
• Molecules in excited states
• Biological molecules
• Polymers.
Impact Factor: 2.120

Примеры страниц

1983 г.:

2014 г.:

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Vol. 1-1076
За журнал спасибо Выбегалло с Chemport.ru

Vi$itReal

Post 25-Mar-2020 07:40

[Quote]

Drugs of Today
Год издания: 1998-2018
Автор: G. Escolar Albaladejo (Editor-In-Chief)
Жанр или тематика: Фармакология
Издательство: Clarivate Analytics, https://journals.prous.com/journals/servlet/xmlxsl/pk_journals.xml_journal_home_pr?p_JournalId=4
ISSN: 1699-3993
Язык: Английский
Формат: PDF
Качество: Издательский макет или текст (eBook)
Интерактивное оглавление: Нет
Описание: Drugs of Today-это рецензируемый журнал с солидной репутацией более 40 лет на рынке научных публикаций. Это ценный источник информации о лекарствах, поступающих на международный рынок. Его обновленные монографии и статьи позволяют медицинскому сообществу быть в курсе последних достижений в области диагностики и лечения в различных терапевтических областях. Этот журнал включает в себя следующие разделы:
Монографии, современные обзоры по недавно одобренным и запущенным препаратам, подготовленные ведущими специалистами после тщательного изучения литературы и информации, предоставленной фармацевтическими компаниями. Обновления с новой релевантной информацией или онлайновыми расширениями продаваемых лекарств (например, новые рецептуры, новые показания и т. д.) также публикуются. Обзорные статьи, освещающие последние разработки в области диагностики и лечения заболеваний человека, а также биомаркеры для диагностики заболеваний, мониторинга реакции на лечение, прогнозирования токсичности и выявления кандидатов на таргетную терапию. Доклады о заседаниях, доклады о конференциях, содержащие основные моменты из ключевых конгрессов и симпозиумов по всему миру.-Drugs of Today is a peer-reviewed journal with a solid reputation of over 40 years in the scientific publications market. It is a valuable source of information on drugs introduced into the international market. Its updated monographs and articles keep the medical community abreast of the latest developments in diagnosis and treatment across therapeutic areas. This journal includes the following sections:
Monographs, up-to-date reviews on recently approved and launched drugs prepared by leading specialists after a rigorous review of the literature and from information provided by pharmaceutical companies. Updates with new relevant information or on line extensions of marketed drugs (e.g., novel formulations, new indications, etc.) are also published. Review articles, highlighting the latest developments in the diagnosis and treatment of human diseases, as well as biomarkers for diagnosing diseases, monitoring treatment response, predicting toxicity and identifying candidates for targeted therapy. Meeting reports, conference reports providing highlights from key congresses and symposia around the world.

Примеры страниц

1998 г.:


2018 г.:

Список номеров

Vol. 34-54

Vi$itReal

Post 25-Mar-2020 04:25

[Quote]

Medicinal Chemistry
Год издания: 2016-2017
Автор: Dimitra Hadjipavlou-Litina (Editor-In-Chief)
Жанр или тематика: Химия
Издательство: Bentham, https://benthamscience.com/journals/medicinal-chemistry/
ISSN: 1573-4064 (Print), 1875-6638 (Online)
Язык: Английский
Формат: PDF
Качество: Издательский макет или текст (eBook)
Интерактивное оглавление: Нет
Описание: Medicinal Chemistry, a peer-reviewed journal, aims to cover all the latest outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. The journal publishes original research and mini-review articles covering recent research and developments in the field. Articles are published rapidly by taking full advantage of Internet technology for both the submission and peer review of manuscripts. Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for all involved in drug design and discovery.-В журнале публикуются статьи, посвященные последним достижениям в области медицинской химии и рационального дизайна лекарственных средств.
Импакт-фактор - 1.373.

Примеры страниц

2016 г.:


2017 г.:

Список номеров

Vol. 12-13
За журнал спасибо Chem_DM с Chemport.ru

Vi$itReal

Post 25-Mar-2020 00:05

[Quote]

Journal of Heterocyclic Chemistry
Год издания: 2016-2019
Автор: Akkattu T. Biju (Editor)
Жанр или тематика: Химия
Издательство: Wiley, https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/19435193
ISSN: 1943-5193 (Web), 0022-152X (Print)
Язык: Английский
Формат: PDF
Качество: Издательский макет или текст (eBook)
Интерактивное оглавление: Нет
Описание: Журнал Гетероциклической химии заинтересован в публикации исследований по всем аспектам Гетероциклической химии. Изучение любого вопроса покажет, что большинство представленных рукописей посвящены синтезу и свойствам гетероциклических соединений. Многие из этих исследований включают краткую историю биологического и коммерческого применения родственных соединений и часто включают данные биологического скрининга, соответствующие вновь сообщенным соединениям. Эта сильная связь между получением гетероциклических соединений и их потенциальной пользой для человечества приветствуется и поощряется. Можно также найти статьи, связанные с физико-органическими химическими исследованиями гетероциклических соединений, механистическими исследованиями реакций, приводящих к гетероциклическим соединениям, и исследованиями фотофизических свойств гетероциклических соединений.-The Journal of Heterocyclic Chemistry is interested in publishing research on all aspects of Heterocyclic Chemistry. A perusal of any issue will show that the majority of manuscripts submitted are on the synthesis and properties of heterocyclic compounds. Many of those studies include a short history of the biological and commercial applications of related compounds, and often include biological screening data corresponding to newly reported compounds. This strong connection between the preparation of heterocyclic compounds and their potential benefit to humanity is both welcomed and encouraged. One will also find articles related to physical organic chemistry studies on heterocyclic compounds, mechanistic studies of reactions leading to heterocyclic compounds and studies of the photophysical properties of heterocyclic compounds, just to name a few. Impact factor:1.241

Примеры страниц

2016 г.:


2019 г.:

Список номеров

Vol. 53-56
За журнал спасибо Выбегалло с Chemport.ru

Vi$itReal

Post 24-Mar-2020 21:55

[Quote]

Current Bioactive Compounds
Год издания: 2005-2015
Автор: Adriano Mollica (Editor-In-Chief)
Жанр или тематика: Химия
Издательство: Bentham, https://benthamscience.com/journals/current-bioactive-compounds/
ISSN: 1875-6646 (Online) 1573-4072 (Print)
Язык: Английский
Формат: PDF
Качество: Издательский макет или текст (eBook)
Интерактивное оглавление: Нет
Описание: Целью журнала является предоставление полнометражных / мини-обзорных статей, а также научно-исследовательских работ по новым биологически активным соединениям с доказанной активностью в различных биологических скринингах и фармакологических моделях с особым акцентом на стереоселективный синтез. Цель состоит в том, чтобы обеспечить ценный источник информации о синтезированных или выделенных биологически активных соединениях, которые могут быть использованы для дальнейшего развития фармацевтики промышленностью и научными кругами.
Журнал должен стать незаменимым чтением для фармакологов, химиков натуральных продуктов и химиков-медиков, которые хотят быть в курсе наиболее важных разработок…-The journal aims to provide full-length/mini review articles as well as research papers on new bioactive compounds with proven activities in various biological screenings and pharmacological models with a special emphasis on stereoeselective synthesis. The aim is to provide a valuable information source of bioactive compounds synthesized or isolated, which can be used for further development of pharmaceuticals by industry and academia.
The journal should prove to be essential reading for pharmacologists, natural product chemists and medicinal chemists who wish to be kept informed and up-to-date with the most important developments on new bioactive compounds of natural or synthetic origin, including their stereoeselective synthesis.

Примеры страниц

2005 г.:


2015 г.:

Список номеров

Vol. 1-11

Vi$itReal

Post 24-Mar-2020 15:25

[Quote]

Mendeleev Communications
Год издания: 2011-2017
Автор: M.P. Egorov (Editor-In-Chief)
Жанр или тематика: Химия
Издательство: Elsevier, https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/mendeleev-communications
ISSN: 0959-9436
Язык: Английский
Формат: PDF
Качество: Издательский макет или текст (eBook)
Интерактивное оглавление: Нет
Описание: «Mendeleev Communications» — научный журнал кратких сообщений по химии, издаваемый Российской академией наук в тесном сотрудничестве с Elsevier. В журнале публикуются предварительные отчёты о новых важных работах по всем разделам химии, представляющие исключительный интерес для специалистов. «Mendeleev Communications» прежде всего, представляет работы из Российской Федерации и других стран бывшего СССР. Однако он также включает статьи авторов из других частей мира. «Mendeleev Communications» не переводной журнал, а издается непосредственно на английском языке. Международная редакционная коллегия состоит из выдающихся ученых, предоставляющих консультации относительно порядка рецензирования. Импакт-фактор: 2.010

Примеры страниц

2011 г.:


2017 г.:

Список номеров

Vol. 21-27
За журнал спасибо гаер* с Chemport.ru

Vi$itReal

Post 23-Mar-2020 13:50

[Quote]

Пена и пенные пленки
Год издания: 1990
Автор: Кругляков П.М., Ексерова Д.Р.
Издательство: Химия
ISBN: 5-7245-0583-5
Язык: Русский
Формат: DjVu
Качество: Отсканированные страницы
Количество страниц: 432
Описание: Монография посвящена физикохимии пенных пленок и пен. Описаны способы получения пен, их строение, методы исследования пленок и пен и их свойства. Рассмотрены закономерности процессов, вызывающих разрушение пен. Дан анализ теорий устойчивости пен. Изложены физико-химические основы регулирования технологических свойств пен различного назначения.
Для научных и инженерно-технических работников, занимающихся изучением и использованием пен в различных отраслях промышленности. Может быть полезна студентам и аспирантам.

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